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Saverio MANETTI
ANTIQUE PAINTINGS
Francesco Saverio Manetti also spelt Xaviero or Xaverio Manetti (12 November 1723 – 12 November 1785) was an Italian physician, botanist and ornithologist. Among his works is the treatise on birds, Ornithologia methodice digesta or Storia naturale degli uccelli (1776). The plant genus Manettia was named in his honour by Carl Linnaeus.

Manetti was born in Brozzi to Giovanni Bernardo and Maria Teresa Nesiscolt of Prague. His early studies were in Florence and later at Pisa where he studied botany under Pier Antonio Micheli. He graduated in medicine in 1745 and worked in Florence. In 1758 he joined the National Medical College where he studied anatomy under Antonio Cocchi (1695–1758), conducting the autopsy of Cocchi. Manetti was Professor of Botany of the "Società Botanica Fiorentina", a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, a Fellow of the Royal Society, learned societies in Göttingen and Montpellier, an Accademico dell'Istituto di Bologna and he maintained scientific contacts with the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus and with the main scientific circles of the second half of the 18th century.

He was supervisor of the Orto Botanico di Firenze in Florence from 1749 to 1782 succeeding to Giovanni Targioni Tozzetti and Secretary of the Accademia dei Georgofili. With remarkable organizational effort, he secured the publication of Storia naturale degli uccelli, Natural History of the birds, a monumental work in five volumes illustrated with 600 hand-coloured engravings based on watercolor paintings. The book was commissioned by Maria Luisa, Grand duchess of Tuscany and the first volume was dedicated to Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo. The third volume was dedicated to Ferdinando di Brobone and the fourth to Giorgio Nassau Clavering. The engravings were made by Tuscan abbot and engraver Lorenzo Lorenzi and Violante Vanni who had studied under British engraver Robert Strange. Engraving was an unusual profession for women in Florence during the period.
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Title: "Eagle" (Plate 8) *Very rare
Portfolio: Storia Naturale Degli Uccelli
Year: 1767-1776
Medium: Original Hand-Colored Engraving
Limited edition: Unknown
Sheet size: 18.25" x 13.75"
Image size/platemark: 13.63" x 10.75"
Price:
SOLD
Title: "Spoonbill" (Plate 438) *Very rare
Portfolio: Storia Naturale Degli Uccelli
Year: 1767-1776
Medium: Original Hand-Colored Engraving
Limited edition: Unknown
Sheet size: 18.25" x 13.63"
Image size/platemark: 13.63" x 10.75"
Price:
SOLD